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Relationships, sex and health education (RSHE)

Today’s children and young people are growing up in an increasingly complex world and living their lives seamlessly on and offline. This presents many positive and exciting opportunities, but also challenges and risks. In this environment, children and young people need to know how to be safe and healthy, and how to manage their academic, personal and social lives in a positive way. This is why Relationships Education is compulsory in all primary schools.


Our Relationships, Sex and Health Education learning and development is vital in ensuring the children:

  • understand how to be a healthy individual (with regard to mental wellbeing and physical health);
  • understand quality and fulfilling friendships, families and relationships;
  • have an understanding of the positives of both the offline world and the online world we live in.


We aim for all of the children to understand how to remain positive, safe and forward-thinking both now through their school journey and to set these foundations for their future lives. 


To ensure we have a consistent approach to teach the core aspects of the Relationships Education curriculum, we follow the Christopher Winter Project for RSHE. Sex Education is taught across the trust in line with PHE contextual information around high levels of teen pregnancy in Torbay. When creating the RSHE Curriculum, parents and carers were invited to engage in a consultation where the policy, curriculum content and teaching resources were shared.

As well as being taught discretely, our RSHE curriculum is interwoven into our science, computing and physical education (through REAL PE) curricula. 


At Oldway Primary our Relationships, Sex and Health Education is taught as part of our Personal, Social, Health, Citizenship and Economic Education curriculum. This is taught in Reception through to Year Six. Within the curriculum there is a focus on developing an understanding of what a safe and healthy relationship is. Detailed below is information on the content which will be covered in each year group.


This curriculum incorporates:
● the Relationships, Sex and Health Education guidance
● the Science National Curriculum.
● the Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education Curriculum
● the E-safety curriculum


As Sex Education is not statutory at primary school, some elements of this can be opted out of in Year Six: all other areas of this curriculum are statutory


Reception - Family and Friendship

  1. Caring friendships: understanding the importance of friendship
  2. Being kind: recognising the importance of forgiveness
  3. Families: understand there are lots of different families


Year 1 - Growing and Caring for Ourselves

  1. Different friends: knowing we can be friends with people who are different to us
  2. Growing and changing: understanding babies and children grow up
  3. Families and care: exploring different types of families and who can help us


Year 2 - Differences

  1. Differences: exploring gender stereotypes
  2. Male and female animals: exploring males and females are different
  3. Naming body parts: knowing the physical differences between males and females


Year 3 - Valuing Difference and Keeping Safe

  1. Body differences: exploring the differences between males and females
  2. Personal space: understanding appropriate touch
  3. Help and support: exploring different types of families and who can help us

Year 4 - Growing Up

  1. Changes: exploring the human lifecycle
  2. What is puberty?: exploring how puberty is linked to reproduction
  3. Healthy relationships: exploring respect in a range of relationships


Year 5 - Puberty

  1. Talking about puberty: exploring emotional and physical changes
  2. The reproductive system: understanding male and female changes
  3. Help and support: understanding the importance of personal hygiene


Year 6 - Puberty, Relationships and Reproduction

  1. Puberty and reproduction: understanding how and why the body changes
  2. Communication in relationships: understanding the importance of respectful
  3. communication
  4. Families, conception and pregnancy: understanding the decisions in starting a family
  5. Online relationships: understanding communication in a respectful way
  6. Respect and equality: developing respectful relationships


Our Relationships, Sex and Health Education Policy, is available on the school website HERE.


We have a responsibility to teach Sex and Relationships Education and aim to cover all topics sensitively and in an age appropriate manner.

Understanding Relationships and Health Education in your child’s primary school: a guide for parents